Avoidant Personality Disorder

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Medical Description


World Health Organization

 

Received: Fri, 20 Aug 2004 02:03:20 +0000Social Phobia

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Social Phobia

          Diagnostic Criteria

  1. A marked and persistent fear of one or more social or performance situations in which the person is exposed to unfamiliar people or to possible scrutiny by others. The individual fears that he or she will act in a way (or show anxiety symptoms) that will be humiliating or embarrassing. Note: In children, there must be evidence of the capacity for age-appropriate social relationships with familiar people and the anxiety must occur in peer settings, not just in interactions with adults.

     

  2. Exposure to the feared social situation almost invariably provokes anxiety, which may take the form of a situationally bound or situationally predisposed Panic Attack. Note: In children, the anxiety may be expressed by crying, tantrums, freezing, or shrinking from social situations with unfamiliar people.

     

  3. The person recognizes that the fear is excessive or unreasonable. Note: In children, this feature may be absent.

     

  4. The feared social or performance situations are avoided or else are endured with intense anxiety or distress.

     

  5. The avoidance, anxious anticipation, or distress in the feared social or performance situation(s) interferes significantly with the person's normal routine, occupational (academic) functioning, or social activities or relationships, or there is marked distress about having the phobia.

     

  6. In individuals under age 18 years, the duration is at least 6 months.

     

  7. The fear or avoidance is not due to the direct physiological effects of a substance (e.g., a drug of abuse, a medication) or a general medical condition and is not better accounted for by another mental disorder (e.g., Panic Disorder With or Without Agoraphobia, Separation Anxiety Disorder, Body Dysmorphic Disorder, a Pervasive Developmental Disorder, or Schizoid Personality Disorder).

     

  8. If a general medical condition or another mental disorder is present, the fear in Criterion A is unrelated to it, e.g., the fear is not of Stuttering, trembling in Parkinson's disease, or exhibiting abnormal eating behavior in Anorexia Nervosa or Bulimia Nervosa.

 

Specify if:

Generalized: if the fears include most social situations (also consider the additional diagnosis of Avoidant Personality Disorder)

 


Associated Features

  • Depressed Mood
  • Somatic/Sexual Dysfunction
  • Addiction
  • Anxious/Fearful/Dependent Personality

 


Differential Diagnosis

Panic Disorder With Agoraphobia; Agoraphobia Without History of Panic Disorder; Separation Anxiety Disorder; Generalized Anxiety Disorder; Specific Phobia; Pervasive Developmental Disorder; Schizoid Personality Disorder; Avoidant Personality Disorder; associated features of many other mental disorders; Anxiety Disorder Not Otherwise Specified; Performance anxiety, stage fright, and shyness.

 


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